4 Key Topics Related to Being Arrested
For many people, TV shows about crime and the legal system are fun ways to relax and escape into a different world. However, the events of these shows actually occur in real life, although the details may differ between reality and fiction. Even the most dedicated fan of crime shows can be confused about the legal terminology used in them. Having an understanding of the following topics is crucial to making sense of what happens after someone is arrested.
When people are arrested, they are usually held on bail until their trials. If the detained person, a family member or a friend purchases Pine County bail bonds, then he or she can leave jail until the trial occurs. The cost of bail varies depending on the severity of the alleged crime, and in some circumstances, people do not have the opportunity to purchase bail. Other types of bonds include extra terms. For example, conditional bail bonds are used when the legal system suspects that a defendant will try to escape and feels the need to impose conditions on the defendant’s release.
Every person who stands trial in the United States is entitled to a lawyer, a right established in the Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Some people cannot afford lawyers, since the fees are usually expensive, particularly if the defendant does not win. In this case, the government must provide a lawyer to represent the defendant in court.
Most people are familiar with the phrase, “You have the right to remain silent.” This right comes from a warning that police officers must deliver before interrogating a suspect. Generally called a Miranda Warning, this statement informs people who will be questioned of their right to withhold information that incriminates themselves. It also notifies them that the police may use their statements as evidence in court. Contrary to common belief, this warning is not always issued, and the police can use evidence that suspects give before the warning occurs. However, it is an essential part of protecting people who are accused of criminal activity.
Judges and Juries
Judges often serve on their own in cases of family law such as child custody rulings. Most major criminal cases involve both judges and juries, although in some cases, the plaintiff and defendant can agree to forgo the presence of a jury. Juries are randomly selected from among adult U.S. citizens and are chosen based on their ability to be neutral in deciding the case. Generally, they listen to the case as presented by each side’s lawyer and then decide if the defendant is guilty. In the case of a guilty verdict, the judge sets the sentence. The major exception to this method is when the defendant could receive the death penalty, in which case the jury sets the sentence.
The legal system is complicated and constantly evolving. However, you have a civic duty to understand these topics and how they affect people’s experiences after they are arrested.