Famous Artists Of The American Frontier
The American frontier is the process of the people moving to new lands in the West. The pioneers would move west and change their customs and behaviors and became more Americanized. In 1839, when Texas had become the 28th state in the U.S. there wasn’t an official flag to represent the state. There was a lot of TX flag art that artists submitted for their design to be chosen. Although no one really knows who thought of the TX flag art for the Lone Star Flag but people think that it was by a man named Peter Krag.
In 1893, a major change was the amount of free land that was in the zones which gave off the sense that there was unlimited opportunity for everyone. This resulted in optimism, future orientation, scarcity of land, and natural resources are being wasted.
During the American frontier, there were a few famous painters that became very popular. The artists had made their success by showing their artistic fortunes based on the different aspects of the west. However, some of the artists were American or even lived in the West.
James Otto Lewis
James Otto Lewis (1799-1858) was known as a engraver and painter. Most of his paintings were of Native Americans and some other figures during the American frontier. In 1815, Lewis started his engraving career in Philadelphia and went to the west in 1819 with Governor Lewis Cass who had employed James Lewis to paint portraits of the Native Americans. James had attended many different Native American ceremonies and treaties that were held in Wisconsin and Indiana where he would make different paintings of the participants.
It was in 1827 when Lewis and Cass took a trip to negotiate with the Winnebago and Chippewa Tribes so that he could sketch 25 portraits at Prairie du Chien. James Lewis had also published The Aboroiginal Portfolio in the years of 1835 and 1836. He had also published paintings to the History of the Indian Tribes of North American and his work is currently being held in the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
George Winter (1809-1876) was landscape and portrait artist and had immigrated to the states in 1830 at the age of 21. He became an American citizen and lived in Indiana’s Wabash River Valley and was known as Indiana’s first professional artist. Winter is rather known for his watercolor paintings, oil paintings, and his sketches that provide first-hand experience of the American frontier.
In 1850, George had moved to Lafayette, Indiana with the intentions of getting more clients and opening a studio. In order to make extra money, Winter had presented a mixed media show that he called Elydoric Paintings and Dissolving Views.
George Catlin (1796-1872) was an author, traveler, and painter that specialized in painting Native American in the West. Catlin had traveled to the west more than five times where he would write about and create paintings of the lives of the Plains Native Americans. While in the west he had visited more than 18 tribes which included the Ponca, Crow, Pawnee, Hidatsa, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, and Assiniboine Tribe. The portraits that he created while in the west were the best portraits of his entire career.
During the last 20 years of his life, George Catlin would try to re-create his collection and he recreated more than 400 paintings and this was known as his second collection also known as the Cartoon Collection since they were mainly outlines that he had drawn in the 1830s.