Information on greenhouse farming – How is it different from vertical farming?

Information on greenhouse farming – How is it different from vertical farming?

The main purpose of creating a greenhouse is to offer the best conditions throughout the year for a plant to grow regardless of weather, location and other environmental conditions. Greenhouses are usually expensive as they’re armed with the latest crop management systems like Octopot Grow Systems and hence their ROI (return on investment) are especially high. Factors like climate change are the primary factors that drive greenhouse farming.

The three main reasons behind greenhouse farming being so attractive are it is more water-efficient, sunlight is dispersed evenly on all the plants and humidity and temperature can be controlled easily.

A greenhouse – What is it?

A greenhouse is an inflated or framed structure that is covered either a translucent or transparent material in which vegetables, fruits or flower crops can be grown under the ideal climatic conditions. Greenhouse is such an area that allows a person to carry out regular operations and work for the betterment of plant growth. Here are few advantages of greenhouse farming:

  • Cultivation of crops under a controlled environment
  • Greenhouse farming is perfect for crop cultivation and meets the needs of the market
  • The farmer gets best opportunities within restrained land resources
  • High yielding in low cultivation area
  • Greenhouse farming offers employment among educated youth
  • Greenhouse helps you learn about high yielding cultivation
  • Greenhouse is the best place for new seed production

Vertical farms and greenhouses – The striking differences

Though greenhouses and vertical farms are both indoor facilities, there are no other similarities apart from this.

  • While greenhouses rely entirely on sunlight, vertical farms depend totally on artificial light.
  • Vertical farms stack plants in layers and greenhouses arrange them on a horizontal plane.
  • Vertical farms can be run in urban places but greenhouse farming requires lot of space and hence it is best suited in suburban or rural environments.

There are many who say that since vertical farms require artificial light to operate, they’re not that energy-efficient as greenhouses. Yes, artificial light is definitely costly at vertical farms but there are studies that also reveal that growing lettuce in a vertical farm is more profitable than growing it inside a greenhouse.

In terms of yield, the main benefit of vertical farms is that they produce greater yield per square meter. Though this type of farming needs heat costs and heavier light expenses, the benefit of more product compromises the expenses. Henceforth, the high yield can lead to higher revenue. Since these farms can be run in any types of buildings or warehouses, one of the biggest advantages is centralized distribution. These farms can be operated at the heart of distribution hubs closer to customer base. So, as compared to a greenhouse, a vertical farm can be reached by traveling less distance. Hence, vertical farm crops can be sold off quicker with higher margins.

Therefore, if you want to grow your crops in the most suitable environment, make sure you choose greenhouse farming. However, in terms of yield and profits, vertical farming is seen to be a more lucrative option.

Teresa Sabo