Hysterectomy: a method to kill cancer cells in women
Many procedures can benefit patients since these cancers can disappear and reduce their incidence.
Hysterectomy surgery is a procedure in which a specialist is responsible for removing the woman’s uterus. There is the main reason why a patient must undergo this type of procedure: cancer development.
This disease tends to spread more rapidly when it appears in this organ. That is why most of the time, the ovaries and fallopian tubes are also removed to prevent abnormal cells’ growth.
There are many reasons why it is necessary to perform a surgical intervention. According to the Mayoclinic, it depends on the condition that may originate within the woman’s uterus or by an infectious pathogen that affects the functioning of the organ or threatens the life of the patient. Some of these cases are:
- Gynecological cancer: When a patient has gynecological cancer and is in an advanced stage, the best treatment is removing the organ.
- Fibroids: when a patient presents tumors around the uterus and in its parts, the best alternative is hysterectomy to eradicate a possible incidence permanently.
- Uterine prolapse: when there is a fall of the uterus towards the vagina due to deficiency in the tissues’ support force, the best alternative is the surgical procedure to avoid discomfort and other diseases.
- Endometriosis: when the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus grows abnormally in other places such as the ovaries or fallopian tubes, the best way to limit and control this growth is the abdominal incision.
- Vaginal bleeding: when a patient has excessive bleeding during menstruation or randomly, the best alternative is hysterectomy when drugs and medications do not work.
- Chronic pelvic pain: some women have intense pain in the lower abdominal area, and the leading cause is the uterus, but the surgical procedure does not permanently relieve this pain. That is why this procedure is limited to the state of the organ.
Hysterectomy is a procedure that eradicates fertility since, by removing the uterus, those women who want to be mothers and are subjected to this treatment will not be able to do so. Most types of type interventions are made to patients who present cancer types such as endometrial, uterine, cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.
Risks of the intervention
Many risks may be linked to hysterectomy. However, this procedure is very safe. It is necessary to bear in mind that some complications may appear after the operation:
- Blood clots
- Excessive bleeding
- Adverse reactions from anesthesia
- Damage to the urinary tract
- Premature onset of menopause.
It is essential to take into account the types of treatments that specialists can use. It is also essential that patients know all kinds of therapy to choose the most appropriate and effective depending on the condition that is developing or that is being had, whose purpose is to provide a quick and successful recovery.